Today, the OECD urged governments not to concentrate exclusively on job creation, but also to pay attention to their quality, access to the work of women and young people, reinforcement of social dialogue and continuing training of professionals.
The OECD made these recommendations in its report “Employment Outlook 2017”, presented in Berlin, in which it dissects the labor market situation in its 35 partners – among them Spain, Mexico and Chile – and in which it ensures that employment Of quality is one of the best arguments against the rise of populism and growing inequality.
The multilateral organization also stresses that addressing these elements does not have to weaken job creation, as demonstrated by the results of its members in northern Europe, who get better data in general terms.
Spain, meanwhile, ranks among the worst of the OECD in the employed population and unemployment rate, as well as in other categories such as people at risk of losing their occupation, economic security in the event of unemployment and percentage of workers with low incomes.
The study claims to provide “valuable new evidence on the extent to which the populist backlash is due to the actual failure of current policies to promote inclusive growth,” recognizing that the response of economic “orthodoxy” to the global crisis has provoked tensions social.
In addition, the OECD points out a series of directions for governments to “better address the legitimate concerns” of society and address the reasons that have fueled populism in recent years.
Labor policies, the report says, must go beyond mere quantitative and take into account “the quality of jobs”, the “resistance” of the labor market to a crisis, its ability to include young people and women, and To adapt depending on the changes in the market, trade and technological evolution.
For this reason, workers must be helped to “build the appropriate skills and adapt them” to the needs of the market “during their working life,” says the document, about 260 pages.
The OECD also aims to increase the supply of job search programs for unemployed workers and to “adapt social protection” to changes in the labor market, such as an increase in the number of self-employed, increasing mobility and declining sectors By the technological revolution.
Finally, he stressed that trade unions and other forms of workers’ representation should be involved and “collective bargaining” should be promoted, which could contribute to “potentially disruptive changes” in a beneficial way for employees.
The OECD says that inequality is growing among its members so that the disposable income of the richest 10% is now more than nine times greater than that of the poorest 10%, when 25 years ago it was seven times more.
In addition, it denounces the “labor polarization” of the last decades, that is the reduction of considered middle class employment in favor of high or low remuneration jobs.