Mexico begins the year 2018 submerged in the largest, costly and audited electoral battle in its history in which the presidency, Congress and authorities in 30 states will be renewed, and with the unknown of an eventual triumph of the most radical opposition of the last two decades.
The new Mexican president will inherit a country marked by the highest levels of violence in decades, persistent social inequality, institutional corruption and the discrediting of the political class, among other problems.
The conflictive relationship with the United States due to President Donald Trump’s continuous uprisings, the uncertainty of the result of the negotiation of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) or the economic impact of the tax reform approved by the US Congress constitute other factors of enormous importance for the future of the country.
The elections on July 1 will summon 87.8 million citizens to the polls, of which 1.4 million will be responsible for operating the 156,000 polling stations that are expected to operate during the day.
The electoral process was launched on September 16 and closed the year in full pre-campaign, which will culminate on February 11, when the parties formalize the names of their candidates to the 3,407 positions that will be at stake.
In these elections, Mexico will define its path to the second decade of the 21st century by electing the president of the country for the period 2018-2024, 628 members of the Congress of the Union, and authorities in 30 states, as governors, deputies and town halls.
The budget of this process reaches 1,217 million dollars, the largest in history requested by the National Electoral Institute (INE) for the organization and financing of registered political parties.
A good part of the budget will be allocated by the political parties to finance the almost 59 million ads on radio and television to capture the preferences of citizens.
The INE has taken measures so that these very popular elections are also the most audited in history to prevent candidates from exceeding the legal financial limits established for their political activities.
The contest for the presidency will be mainly between the three candidates who lead the polls: Andrés Manuel López Obrador, Ricardo Anaya and José Antonio Meade.
López Obrador, considered the most obstinate and tenacious opponent of the last two decades, will be a candidate of the National Regeneration Movement (Morena), of the Labor Party (PT) and the Social Encounter Party (PES).
López Obrador closed 2017 as the main favorite in the polls, although the same thing happened to him in the 2006 elections, won by Felipe Calderón (PAN), and in 2012, when he lost to Enrique Peña Nieto (PRI).
Anaya goes as a candidate of the Por México coalition to the Front formed by the National Action Party (PAN), the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) and the Movimiento Ciudadano Party (MC).
Meade, the candidate of the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), has the support of the Green Ecologist Party of Mexico (PVEM) and New Alliance (NA).
The independents struggle to be on the ballot Jaime Rodríguez,
governor of Nuevo León; Margarita Zavala, wife of former president Calderón; Armando Rios Pitter, senator; Edgar Portillo; María de Jesús Patricio, candidate of the indigenous people, and Pedro Ferriz, communicator.
The pre-campaigns will run from December 14 to February 11; the campaign will go from March 30 to June 27, when silence will arrive before the vote of 87.8 million.
At the local level, 8 governors, 1 head of government, 972 local deputies, 1,597 city councils, 184 councilors and 16 mayors will be elected. for a total of 3,407 elected positions.
Mexico City is the entity with the largest nominal list (11.1 million) and its voters will be the ones who will cross the most ballots, with seven: president, senators, deputies, head of government, mayor, local deputy and councilors.
There will be governor elections in eight states: Chiapas, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Morelos, Puebla, Tabasco, Veracruz and Yucatan, and in Mexico City a vote will be taken by head of government.
The congresses of 26 states will be renewed: Aguascalientes, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Colima, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, State of Mexico, Michoacán, Morelos, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan and Zacatecas.
On the same day of voting, there will be a quick count and the Preliminary Electoral Results Program to know the trends, but the elections will be valid when all the possible demands are resolved.
The Mexican Congress will be installed on September 1 and the new president of Mexico will take office on December 1 for a period of six years.